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1.093 (11-20)
NaslovAdministrativne prepreke s kojima se suočavaju mala i srednja poduzeća na području zapošljavanja / Alka Obadić.
Materijalni opisIlustr.
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OpisMala i srednja poduzeća imaju ključnu ulogu u europskom gospodarstvu, ali istovremeno su suočena s mnogo većim administrativnim poteškoćama u svojem poslovanju u usporedbi s velikima. Postojeća rigidnost na tržištu rada još više je otežala njihov položaj prilikom kreiranja novih radnih mjesta. Upravo stoga cilj ovog rada bio je provjeriti postoje li između različitih grupa malih i srednjih poduzeća značajne razlike u opterećenosti administrativnim poslovima na području zapošljavanja? Rezultati istraživanja pokazuju kako Hrvatska u usporedbi s drugim zemljama Europske unije (EU) još uvijek obiluje rigidnostima i ima relativno strogo tržište rada. Primarno istraživanje provedeno u Hrvatskoj obuhvatilo je konačni uzorak od 701 malog i srednjeg poduzeća. Rezultati istraživanja pokazali su da većina malih i srednjih poduzeća (54%) najvećom administrativnom preprekom na području regulacije tržišta rada smatra prečeste izmjene propisa vezane uz poslovanje. Na temelju provedenog istraživanja zaključeno je da postoje značajne razlike između različitih grupa (broj zaposlenih, pravno-organizacijski oblik i sektor) malih i srednjih poduzeća u pogledu broja ključnih administrativnih prepreka na području zapošljavanja, koje najviše percipiraju mikro poduzeća i obrtnici koji razvijaju svoju djelatnost u području tercijarnog sektora.Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play a key role in the European economy, but at the same time face much greater administrative difÞ culties in their business compared to large ones. Existing rigidities in the labour market have further hindered their position in creating new jobs. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to explore whether there were signiÞ cant differences in the administrative burden in the Þ eld of employment between the various groups of small and medium-sized enterprises? The results show that Croatia compared to other EU countries is still rich in rigidities and has a relatively inß exible labour market. Primary research provided in Croatia included a Þ nal sample of 701 small and medium-sized enterprises. Research results showed that most SMSs (54%) consider too frequently changes in business regulations as the biggest administrative barrier in the labour market regulation. Based on the conducted research it is concluded that there are signiÞ cant differences between different groups (number of employees, legal-organizational form and sector) of small and medium-sized enterprises in terms of the number of key administrative barriers to employment, which are most perceived by micro-enterprises and craftsmen who develop their activities in the tertiary sector.
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NaslovAdolescent information behaviour in everyday life decision making a literature review / Alica Kolarić, Colleen Cool, Ivanka Stričević.
Materijalni opisIlustr.
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OpisPurpose. Within the field of information science, adolescent information behaviour as a part of the general decision making process is a relatively under-examined area. The way adolescents interact with information when making decisions influences decision outcomes and consequently affects their lives. Therefore, the study of information behaviour in the decision making process is an important area for research development. The goal of this paper is to take a step to advance research in this direction by reviewing what has been learnt and offering directions for future work. Methodology. The existing publications reporting the research on adolescent information behaviour related to making everyday life decisions within the information science field were investigated using content analysis methodology. Twenty articles were selected and analysed in the following aspects: information behaviour, including information seeking, passive information acquisition and information avoidance, information sources, barriers to information seeking, information use and affective experiences. Findings. It was found that the research on the topic of decision making within the information science field is scarce. Few studies focus specifically on adolescent information behaviour for making everyday life decisions and they consider only one specific decision situation. The existing work reveals that adolescents employ a wide range of information behaviour when making decisions in everyday life, both active and passive: information seeking, passive information acquisition which encompasses passive search and passive attention, community approach, deferring information seeking and information avoidance. They use a variety of information sources, and source selection depends on internal and external factors. They face barriers which impede information seeking and use information to increase knowledge on decision situations and therefore help the decision making process.Cilj. Informacijsko ponašanje adolescenata kao dio procesa donošenja odluka razmjerno je slabo istraženo područje unutar informacijskih znanosti. Način na koji se adolescenti odnose prema informacijama pri donošenju odluka u svakodnevnom životu utječe na ishode njihovih odluka, a posljedično i na njihove živote. Zato je važno istraživati informacijsko ponašanje adolescenata pri donošenju odluka. Cilj je ovoga rada unaprijediti istraživanje u tom području donoseći pregled dosadašnjih saznanja te nudeći nove smjerove. Metodologija. Rad izvještava o istraživanju objavljenih znanstvenih radova koji se bave informacijskim ponašanjem adolescenata u odnosu na donošenje odluka u svakodnevnom životu u području informacijskih znanosti. Dvadeset odabranih radova istraženo je metodom analize sadržaja s obzirom na sljedeće aspekte: informacijsko ponašanje, uključujući traženje informacija, pasivno stjecanje informacija te izbjegavanje informacija, informacijske izvore, prepreke traženju informacija, korištenje informacija i afektivna iskustva. Rezultati. Tek nekoliko radova bavi se tom temom, i to u odnosu na jednu određenu odluku. Postojeća istraživanja otkrivaju da adolescenti pokazuju širok raspon informacijskih ponašanja pri donošenju odluka u svakodnevnom životu, i to aktivnih i pasivnih: traženje informacija, pasivno stjecanje informacija koje obuhvaća pasivno traženje i pasivnu pažnju, suportivnost u zajednici, odgađanje traženja informacija i izbjegavanje informacija. Adolescenti se koriste različitim informacijskim izvorima, a njihov odabir ovisi o izvanjskim i unutarnjim čimbenicima. Nadalje, nailaze na prepreke koje ometaju traženje informacija, a informacije koriste za proširivanje znanja o situaciji odluke te za olakšavanje procesa donošenja odluke.
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NaslovAdvanced optimization model of resource allocation in the B2C supply chain / Firdaous Zair, Naoufal Sefiani, Mohamed Fourka.
Materijalni opisIlustr.
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OpisResource allocation plays a critical role in the strategic, tactical, and operational planning of the supply chain. The study focuses on aspects of resource allocation in the case of pure players, manufacturers, and Clicks & Mortars that have launched online sales. These e-retailers offer a wide selection of customized services and so need an efficient management on every level and process. The goal of the research was to explore a concrete approach to improve customer satisfaction, reduce costs and risks and to maintain the benefits of e-retailers and of its collaborators. Our contribution is a decision support system and a tool to improve operational resources allocation in B2C supply chains. Hence, we started by modeling operations and the different scenarios. Then we introduced an optimization model founded on the analysis of resource allocation in B2C supply chains and applicable on any B2C e-retailer. It helps in choosing the most optimal resources for each order. The model is based on a multi-objective optimization approach that takes into consideration the collaboration of resources throughout the supply chain operations process including dynamic costs and collaborator capabilities as well as associated risks and the quality of delivered services.
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NaslovAge, growth and otolith morphometry of Atlantic bonito (Sarda sarda Block, 1793) from the eastern Mediterranean Sea / Mado Kotsiri, Ioannis E. Batjakas, Persefoni Megalofonou.
Materijalni opisIlustr.
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OpisThe otoliths of the Atlantic bonito, Sarda sarda (Bloch, 1793), were examined with the aim to estimate the age and growth of the species in the eastern Mediterranean Sea and to reveal possible relationships between otolith shape or size and age. All specimens used in this study, ranging from 7.2 to 70.4 cm in fork length and from 20 to 4889 g in total weight, were caught in the Aegean and Ionian Seas during the period 1997-2010. Otolith morphometry was studied using image analysis techniques for all intact sagittae ranging in weight from 0.6 to 11.3 mg and four shape indices were calculated. No statistical significant differences between left and right otolith morphometric variables were found. The age of fish was estimated by counting the pairs of opaque and translucent bands in transversal thin sections of otoliths. The estimated ages ranged from 0+ to 7 years and the von Bertalanffy growth parameters were determined \((L∞=79.9 cm, k=0.261 and to=-1.230 years)\). The examination of the type of growth bands at the outside margin of each otolith per month showed that one translucent band is formed annually during the cold season. The results revealed statistically significant relationships between otolith morphometric variables and fish length or age. Among the variables, otolith weight was the one that showed the highest correlation with age (R=0.77). Therefore, otolith weight could represent a valuable criterion for age estimation in Atlantic bonito that is objective, economic and easy to perform compared to annuli counting method in hard parts.Kako bi se odredila starost i rast palamide Sarda sarda (BLOCH, 1793), koja obitava u Sredozemnom moru, analizirani su njeni otoliti. Isto tako se analizom morfometrijskih parametara otolita palamide pokušala utvrditi korelacija između oblika samog otolita i očitane starosti. Vilična dužina i masa svih analiziranih jedinki palamide, koje su prikupljene na području Jonskog i Egejskog mora u razdoblju od 1997. god. do 2010. god., kretala se u rasponu od 7.2 cm do 70.4 cm odnosno od 20 g do 4889 g. Morfometrijske značajke neoštećenih otolita, čija masa je bila od 0,6 mg do 11,3 mg, su definirane preko četiri parametra oblika istih. Nije utvrđeno da postoji statistički značajna razlika između lijevog i desnog otolita. Starost palamide, dobivena očitavanjem i brojanjem zona prirasta na otolitu, istraživanih jedinki je kolebala od 0+ do 7 godina starosti te su definirani von Bertalanffy parametri rasta \((L∞=79.9 cm, k=0.261 i t_o =-1.230 god.)\). Analizirajući zone prirasta na otolitu uočeno je da tijekom jedne godine nastaje jedan hijalini (proziran) prsten i to u hladnijem dijelu godine. Utvrđena je statistički značajna korelacija između morfometrijskih parametara otolita i dužine ribe kao i starosti. Osobito značajna korelacija (R=0,77) je uočena između mase otolita i dužine istraživane jedinke, što upućuje na to da bi se u budućnosti navedeni parametar – masa otolita, mogla koristiti kao indikator starosti s obzirom da se radi o metodi koja bi u svakom slučaju bila dosta ekonomičnija i jednostavnija.
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NaslovAgglomeration process in the fluidized bed, the effecting parameters and some applications / Hira Yuksel, S. Nur Dirim.
Materijalni opisIlustr.
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OpisThe agglomeration process has been commonly used to improve the functional properties of powder products to form larger agglomerates. Agglomeration provides a granular structure to powders, reduce the dusting and improving their characteristics, such as storage stability, wettability, dispersibility, and solubility. This process can be performed by different methods, one of which is fluidized bed agglomeration widely used in food processing since the agglomerates produced by this technique have high porosity, low density, and good mechanical resistance. At the same time, this process is influenced by many factors; e.g., inlet air temperature, air velocity, mixing rate, and properties of the binder agents. Inlet air temperature affects the mass and heat transfer; air velocity prevents caking and accelerates mass and heat transfer; mixing rate allows mixing the binder agent uniformly over the particles; and the properties of the binder agent, such as concentration and viscosity have an impact on the properties of the final product. These four factors should be well known and controlled so that the agglomerates produced have the desired properties. Furthermore, the use of fluidized bed agglomeration results in products that can be used in widespread areas and in high quantities, and this method also creates the opportunity to utilize excess foods not consumed.
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NaslovA hybrid MCDM approach to transshipment port selection / Matthew Sumner, Igor Rudan.
Materijalni opisIlustr.
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OpisPort selection is an intrinsic supply-chain problem that has substantial impact on development of local economies. Shipping business environment developed into complex system where decision making is derived from uncertain and incomplete data. In this study we present a conceptual integrated Multi-Criteria Decision solution to transshipment port selection problem based on Best-Worst MCDM and Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm. Through literature review and expert analysis, 50 relevant criteria have been identified as relevant to the transshipment port selection problem. Decision makers within liner shipping companies evaluate transshipment port selection criteria and establish ranking that is used to determine crisp solution with lowest consistency ratio. ABC based algorithm is used to reduce computational complexity and deliver a single optimal solution by solving both objective and constraint violation functions.
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NaslovAkademik Milan Moguš, Senjanin : (25. 4. 1927. – 19. 11. 2017.) / Mirko Raguž.
Materijalni opisIlustr.
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OpisMeđu tridesetak senjskih sveučilišnih profesora i znanstvenika ime akademika Milana Moguša zauzima istaknuto mjesto. Njegov životni hod od trnja do zvijezda, ilikranjčevićevski, od gnijezda do zvijezda bio je stalno u usponu. U vrijeme radnoga vijekazauzimao je značajne funkcije u mnogim kulturnim i znanstvenim institucijama diljemHrvatske, ali i šire, i to ga je stalno držalo u nemogućnosti da se češće navraća u njemurodni i dragi Senj. Boravio je uvijek u njemu kad god mu se pružila prilika i kad god sumu njegovi Senjani izrazili želju da ih posjeti. Bio je čest gost Gradskog muzeja u Senju,Senjske gimnazije, ali i Osnovne škole S. S. Kranjčevića u kojoj je u dječačkim danimaučio prva slova i čitao prve školske knjige. Ta njegova povezanost sa senjskim kulturnim institucijama nizom godina manje je poznata širokoj kulturnoj i znanstvenoj javnosti pa ćestoga biti tema ovoga članka.Amongst the thirty university professors and scientists from Senj the name of the academic Milan Moguš holds a prominent place. His path through life "from the thorns to the stars", or Kranjčević’s "from the nest to the stars" was constantly on the up. During his working life he had significant functions in many cultural and scientific institutions throughout Croatia, as well as further afield, and this meant that he was not often able to return to his dear birthplace of Senj. He stayed here whenever he had the chance and whenever his people from Senj expressed a wish that he visit them. He was a frequent guest of the Senj Town Museum, the Senj grammar school, as well as the S. S. Kranjčević Elementary School where in his boyhood days he studied his first letters and read his first schoolbooks. This connection with Senj’s cultural institutions over a number of years is less well known to the wider cultural and scientific public, therefore, it will be the theme of this article.
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NaslovAkuzativ u djelima hrvatskih pisaca, leksikografa i gramatičara dopreporodnoga razdoblja / Marijana Horvat, Sanja Perić Gavrančić.
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NapomenaBilješke uz tekst.
OpisU članku se istražuje uporaba akuzativnih sveza u djelima hrvatskih dopreporodnih pisaca, njihove potvrde u leksikografskim priručnicima te opis akuzativa u odabranim hrvatskim gramatikama istoga razdoblja. Predmet interesa stoga nisu opća morfološka obilježja akuzativa nego njegovo značenje, uporaba u rečenici, tipični prijedlozi te način i razina gramatičkoga opisa u odnosu na uporabnu normu.The paper discusses the usage and the syntactic function of the accusative case complements in pre-standard Croatian literary texts along with their attestations and descriptions in grammar books and dictionaries. Our research, focused on distinctive syntactic properties of the pre-standard literary language, has revealed parallel usage of vernacular syntactic expressions and of those inherited from Latin or Italian. The attestation rate of the latter in the Croatian language reference books depended on the efforts of pre-standardization lexicographers and grammarians to determine the permitted amount of non-vernacular expressions when trying to standardize the Croatian language. The analysis of accusative case syntactic complements has confirmed our initial assumption that the frequency of their usage in literary writings had an impact on their lexicographic attestations and grammatical descriptions.
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NaslovAlgal pigments distribution and phytoplankton group assemblages in the coastaltransitional environment - Boka Kotorska Bay (southeastern Adriatic Sea) / Slađana Krivokapić, Sunčica Bosak, Damir Viličić, Grozdan Kušpilić, Dragana Drakulović, Branka Pestorić.
Materijalni opisIlustr.
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OpisPhytoplankton assemblages and pigment distribution were determined in the transitional Boka Kotorska Bay. Samples were collected four times from three stations in the inner part of the Bay between April 2008 and March 2009. Microscopic analysis revealed that the phytoplankton was composed of marine diatoms, dinoflagellates, cryptophytes, chlorophytes and coccolithophorids. Aside from fucoxanthin as the dominant biomarker pigment, alloxanthin, 19′-hexanoyloxyfucoxanthin, peridinin and chlorophyll b provided indicative contributions. Fucoxanthin and alloxanthin showed significant correlation with the phytoplankton chlorophyll a biomass throughout the investigated period. In November 2008, the diatoms were outcompeted by coccolithophorids, which probably efficiently absorbed nutrients during a period of their reduced supply. Due to the reduced nutrient input, in the summer, the phytoplankton community in the Bay was composed mostly of marine dinoflagellates, cryptophytes, and chlorophytes.Prisutnost zajednica fitoplanktona i rasprostranjenost pigmenata utvrđivani su u tranzicijskim vodama Bokokotorskog zaljeva. Uzorci su prikupljeni četiri puta na tri lokaliteta u unutrašnjosti Zaljeva u periodu između travnja 2008. i ožujka 2009. godine. Mikroskopskom analizom utvrđeno je da fitoplankton čine morske dijatomeje, dinoflagelati, kriptofiti, klorofiti i kokolitoforidi. Pored fukoksantina kao dominantnog biomarkerskog pigmenta, bili su zastupljeni i aloksantin, 19′-heksanoiloksifukoksantin, peridinin i klorofil b‏. Fukoksantin i aloksantin su pokazali značajnu korelaciju sa klorofilom a kao indikatorom biomase fitoplanktona tijekom čitavog perioda ispitivanja. U studenom 2008. godine, dijatomeje su nadjačale kokolitoforide, koji su vjerovatno efikasno apsorbirali nutrijente tijekom perioda u kojem je njihova dostupnost bila smanjena. Kao rezultat smanjenog unosa nutrijenata, u ljetnom periodu, zajednicu fitoplanktona u Bokokotorskom zaljevu sačinjavali su uglavnom morski dinoflagelati, kriptofiti i klorofiti.
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NaslovAll of Alija's women : Andrić's realization of "Ex ponto" visions / Želimir Juričić
ImpresumBerkeley : Berkeley Slavic Specialties, 1982.
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1.093 (11-20)