OpisOne of the goals of the Japanese Language and Culture study program at the Juraj Dobrila University of Pula is to improve learners’ ability to use Japanese. Another goal of this program is to increase student acquisition rates. The three-year study program aims to enable students to achieve the level CEFR/B2. With limited time and staff, the best way to achive that is through efficient class management. This paper examines the results of creating and implementing concrete lesson schedules, with the aim of adjusting overall progress, in particular the response and results when forced changes have been made due to lack of understanding. Jedan od ciljeva studijskoga programa Japanski jezik i kultura na Sveučilištu Jurja Dobrile u Puli je poboljšati sposobnost studenata da se koriste japanskim jezikom. Jednako tako cilj je ovoga programa povećanje stope usvajanja znanja te povećanje prolaznosti. Završetkom trogodišnjega studijskog programa teži se tome da studenti postignu CEFR/B2 razinu. S ograničenim vremenom i osobljem najbolji način za postizanje toga cilja je učinkovito upravljanje nastavnim planom i programom. Ovaj rad ispituje rezultate izrade i provedbe konkretnih rasporeda sati, s ciljem prilagodbe općega napretka, posebice reakcije studenata i rezultate kada su zbog nedostatka razumijevanja napravljene prisilne promjene.
OpisIn recent years the number of tourists in Japan has greatly increased, with the result that service sectors have had to improve their methods of accepting tourists. In particular, there is a problem in communication with tourists. One of the fields in which a response is delayed is in the training of medical interpreters. The same problem is also present in Croatia, with few Japanese-speaking guides. This paper examines several surveys on medical interpreters, including the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. As a result, most medical institutions recognize the necessity of medical interpreters. Furthermore, it has been established that educational courses aimed at nurturing medical interpreters have begun to be developed. Many students at the University of Pula’s Japanese Department desire to pursue translation interpreting as a future profession. Results indicate that medical interpreting is a promising field in Japanese language education in Croatia. Posljednjih godina broj turista u Japanu uvelike se povećao. To je natjeralo uslužne sektore na poboljšanje načina prihvaćanja turista. Posebno postoji problem u komunikaciji s turistima. Jedno od područja čiji odgovor kasni je obuka medicinskih tumača. Jednak je problem prisutan i u Hrvatskoj u kojoj postoji samo nekoliko turističkih vodiča koji govore japanski. Provedeno je nekoliko anketa o medicinskim tumačima, uključujući japansko Ministarstvo zdravstva, rada i socijalne skrbi. Kao rezultat toga većina medicinskih ustanova prepoznaje potrebu medicinskih tumača. Također se pokazalo da se polako počinju razvijati obrazovni tečajevi s ciljem obrazovanja medicinskih tumača. Mnogi studenti sa smjera Japanski jezik i kultura na Sveučilištu Jurja Dobrile u Puli voljeli bi u budućnosti biti prevoditelji. Rezultati pokazuju da je medicinsko tumačenje obećavajuće polje u obrazovanju japanskoga jezika u Hrvatskoj.
OpisAlthough they are the most vulnerable group of people, immigrants are often perceived as a threat, with immigration and terrorism issues put under a common denominator. Political discourse and mass media are contributing factors, which, when framing migrants as a threat and emphasizing the connection with terrorism in their reporting, can affect the perception of public safety risks. Framing migrants as a terrorist risk has a negative impact on migration-related policies, changing focus from humanitarian towards security issues. The European Union’s migration policy is humanitarian, but it is reconsidered by individual member states defining migration as a risk. In these countries, measures to prevent terrorism include the acceptance of restrictive immigration policies, e.g. in Hungary. In the process of securitization, migrants are interpreted as a risk and threat to the survival of traditional identity values. This problem is analysed through examples of Hungary, a country with an exceptionally restrictive migration policy, and neighbouring Croatia which was perceived as a transitional country for migrants and refugees on their way West during the European migration crisis in 2015 and 2016, much like Hungary. For this purpose, several components are considered: the results of longitudinal Eurobarometer surveys that can determine public opinion changes in EU member states, the trends and results of the Hungarian referendum on migration quotas from October 2016, and the selected research and analysis of trends and media coverage of this issue in media. It is an attempt to determine whether and to what extent the public, political authorities and media in Croatia and Hungary referred to “unintentional” or „forced migrants“ as the negative non- European Other, during the European migration crisis.
OpisThe subject of this paper will be the presentation of Montenegro in the travelogue Black Lamb and Grey Falcon by Rebecca West. This travelogue will be analysed from the literary-historical, literary-theoretical and imagological perspectives. We will deal with the chronotope of Montenegro (Kolashin, Podgorica, Cetinje and Budva) and the national identity of the Montenegrin people from the viewpoint of a travelogue narrator that does not belong to that nation, as well as the creation of trans- national identities. We will also pay attention to the construction of ethnic stereotypes and their (non)duration in time. The paper will also include a comparison of characters and events depicted in the travelogue with historical figures and the events on which they are modelled. “The key assumption of the literary-historical approach to the travelogue discourse is finding its typical places, shaping specific rhetoric of the travelogue based on a few backings from the narratology to the history of mentality.” (Duda 1998, 92) The presentation of Montenegro in the travelogue Black Lamb and Grey Falcon will be based on Duda’s assumptions and Bakhtin’s perception of chronotope as “the essential interconnection of time and space relations” (Bakhtin 1989, 193). We will also take into account the views of Gerard Genette and Mieke Bal.
OpisThe subject dealt with in this work is non-hegemonic discourse which, in the spectre of philological interests, denounces the phenomena of hierarchialisation and dehierarchialisation linked to the problem of capturing the concept of the function a border has while being disseminated through literary theory and practice throughout travelogue as a literary form. By enquiring about cultural heritage applied in literature from Odyssey’s travels and challenges, this research has attempted to emphatically “listen poetically” to all aspects of human existence subjected by some to the border line of such worlds. Thus I here write about an exemplary travelogue which uses conceptual mechanism of its text based on the movement disputing then a conventional usage of literary language, which is today recognized as a form of violence as old as the very western history itself is. For that purpose, the work has incorporated analytical viewing of novelistic, essayistic and travelogue like literary heritage using travelogue essays Majka voda by Tvrtko Kulenovic, the most famous Bosnian-Herzegovinian writer and essayist. It is a travelogue of great significance taking us from “postmodern Odyssey” to its specific “ideology of water” and “religion of seas”. The ephemeral border between a body travelling to a body of travelling in his travelogue Majka voda takes us to the point of merging of two cultural circles. Poetic dimension may be inferred from Kulenovic’s suggestions: “Indeed, is there any shame in the fact that it is more intelligent to sail rather than row (...) That artistic skill is obtained more easily through the “eastern” relaxed surrender then through the “western” intent and concentration (attempt to forcibly control mind equals the attempt to even out the waves of the sea). Who hits the target, misses all? (...) We must be capable of changing our shape as water does. (...) In the beginning there was no word, but water.
OpisFrom the very beginnings of its founding, the city has had a great significance: started as the center of social life, in a diachronic sense it has become a place of gathering of different centers of power, the public space, as well as the space of the private - by weaving collective and individual memory into it. The latter is recognized in Tadijanović’s Poems of Dubrovnik, a collection of fourteen poems for which the poet finds inspiration in the Town of Poets, over and over again, during the seventy- years time span. It is the city he loved from the very first moment, but in which he was loved as well, thus he often comes back in his thoughts, linking past, present and future. We have highlighted the four phases of his writing inspired by the Eternal City and have related the theme-motive background with the poet’s age. It is noticed that, in relation to the youthful and playful first love, the worries, the enthusiasm and the exhilaration, his later lyric is pervaded by philosophical concerns about the meaning of life, death, transience and the life’s drab, but he does not therefor diminish the importance of Dubrovnik. With his first and last poem he creates a kind of alpha and omega of his Dubrovnik opus, signifying Dubrovnik as one perfectly finished mindset, by its cyclical reminding on the circle and thus on the reproducibility of the life cycle: birth - life - death - rebirth (through re-readings of poems, in the poet’s case).
OpisThe following paper wants to explain in a generic way the importance of two sacred and charismatic medieval characters such as Saint James the Greater from Santiago de Compostela in Spain and Saint Michael Archangel from Monte Sant’Angelo in the South of Italy, through their main icons, the devotions, the anthropological approaches and the history of the pilgrimages that have called so many people in their own cities. Santiago de Compostela and Monte Sant’Angelo were two of the most important places in the Middle Age. The representation of the saints and their actions, which are described in ancient literary texts, explains the origin of the cults and the following development of the pilgrimages both through the main routes and through the alternative routes known as “tratturi” or sheep tracks. Especially for the Castel di Sangro – Lucera sheep track there are traces referred to the saints not only in the villages touched by the grassy track, but also on the path itself. There are aspects that are expressed better than others and they are essential for the important “Civilization of Pilgrimages” as the icons and the architectural structures: they can be defined as functional artistic ways to communicate to all people not only in the past. So, historical and artistic studies, but also anthropological and literature fields of study are the relevant methodological approach to better figure out the history of the compostellan and michaelic pilgrimages.
OpisIn this paper we shall depict an imaginary journey through Athol Mayhew’s Montenegrin chronotope. More precisely, we shall present heterotopia as an associative space of evocative elements by which the author, apart from spatial and temporal, also provides a mimetic paradigm of an unfolding story. We shall describe the ways Athol Mayhew’s travel narrative “Montenegro As We Saw It” achieves its cultural and historical coding through emphasizing its intellectual, monologic, associative, essayistic, existential and dramatic mimetic paradigm.
OpisLiburnia is a geographic region along the eastern coast of Istria, bordered by Učka, Preluk and Plomin Bay. Its linguistic and cultural dimensions are strongly determined by its geological, geographical and political uniqueness. In the middle of the 19 th century, this area began to develop as an elite Central European tourist destination. Within the Austro- Hungarian Monarchy, Opatija was a well-known Liburnian winter and summer resort. Members of the royal families, composers and writers came to visit Opatija, including the famous Croatian writer Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić. Based on documents recently discovered in Ivana’s correspondence, this paper documents and depicts her stays in Liburnia, which have not been researched and written about before. Moreover, the recent literature related to tourist and cultural history of Liburnia emphasizes numerous famous guests who visited this area, but fails to mention Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić. In addition to Ivana’s correspondence, this paper analyses her portrayal of Liburnia based on her memoirs and lyrical prose. Her work is an expressive testimony of the development of the culture of travel of the 19 th century Central-European upper class. Ultimately, it is a valuable portrayal of Liburnia at the end of the 19 th and beginning of the 20 th centuries, which was the time of its intense tourist expansion.
OpisSince ancient times, the Phlegraean Fields were one of the most popular travel destinations. For the particular geological characteristics of the territory, the nobility of ancient Rome built numerous pleasure villas, especially in the area between Pozzuoli, Baia and Bacoli, and later, in the modern and contemporary age, the travellers of the Grand Tour made the Phlegraean fields a real centre of tourism known all over the world. Over the centuries, through their travels, local and foreign scholars described the environment of the Phlegraean fields in their travel notebooks, often accompanied by sketches and drawings. In addition to these precious proofs, of particular interest are the articles published in the architecture and engineering periodicals within which projects of buildings are reported to be placed along the coastal strip, changing its original appearance. Through the analysis of bibliographic, documentary and iconographic sources, such as the guides of monsignor Pompeo Sarnelli, “La Guida de’ forestieri, curiosi di vedere, e di riconoscere le cose più memorabili di Pozzuoli, Baja, Cuma, Miseno, Gaeta. Ed altri luoghi circonvicini”, and canon Andrea de Jorio, “Guida di Pozzuoli e contorno”, the drawings of the French architect Prosper Barbot and the periodical “Bollettino del Collegio degli Ingegneri e Architetti in Napoli”, this paper intends to illustrate the environment of the Phlegraean fields during the XVIII and XIX centuries, making a comparison with the environment of the contemporary urban context. From the comparison of the sources it emerged how the image of the Phlegrean landscape has rapidly changed over the centuries. Today, most of the archaeological monuments and the same coastline are covered by a poor quality contemporary building, the result of the lack of control of the institutions, and which today gives the image of an environment of great but disordered beauty.