OpisThe objective of the article is to go beyond the knowledge integration barriers in ERPimplementations by analyzing structural, technological, intellectual and socio-emotional barriers that appear during an ERP implementation project. Using an actionresearch methodology, the article provides some hints highlighting the knowledgeintegration process, and proposing an Institutional Model of ERP KnowledgeIntegration where ERP “best-practices” affect and are affected by institutional logicsthrough legitimacy and isomorphism mechanisms, showing two processes ofinstitutionalization: (1) processes that challenge knowledge integration barriers byembedding ERP “best-practices” in the expected formal functioning of the organizationas well as in the routines and habits of employees; and (2) processes that operate asdrivers of evolution and change by embedding the institutional logics and newrequirements within ERP “best-practices”.
OpisSince its appearance as a research field, Content-based Image Retrieval (CBIR) system has increasingly received an important attention. Review of literature reveals that the efforts put, up to now, in the field address either effectiveness or efficiency. In this paper, we address both accuracy and efficiencythrough introducing an efficient and an effective image retrieval approach based on feature, matching measure and sub-spaceselection. The selection relies on relevance feedback information injected by the user. The approach is tested on Corel-1Kimages database. The obtained results are very promising.
OpisFurther public administration development depends on numerous various influences - stakeholders' and public needs, so when planned to be developed, implemented or improved, they have to be carefully considered. ERP and/or other system need to be incorporated according to specific conditions. Interoperability represents strong support for implementation, integration or further development for public administration. This paper aims for contribution to awareness growth and platform for further work. Considering various case studies, ERP implementation, interoperability, critical success factors and contingency approach, paper aims for further development in this area. ERP becomes a platform for further ICT development towards quantum computing.
OpisThe development and empirical verification of the balanced scorecard (BSC) model,using the multi-criteria decision-making methods (MCDM) called the analytichierarchy process (AHP) and the analytic network process (ANP), are the key issues ofthe presented research. The paper presents the methodology of the prioritization of theBSC goals with the AHP and ANP methods. Even though the prioritization of the goalsis possible with both, findings from the empirical analysis showed that the ANP is morecomplementary with the BSC because of the influences among the goals in the BSC.The ANP supports the modelling of those influences (through dependencies) and theAHP does not. The paper discusses special situations in prioritizing the BSC goals(understanding the ANP from the perspective of the user and the BSC with strategicgoals that do not directly influence any other strategic goal) and proposes solutions.Therefore, it can be asserted that introducing the ANP to implement the BSC and viceversa, improved the decision-making approach and the quality of the obtained results.The research was based on a case study of modelling the BSC for Ydria Motors LL(YM), a manufacturing company.
OpisPersonalization is the process of customizing social network pages of users according to their needs and personal interests. It can also be used for filtering unwanted information from an individual's page received from other users, in case this information is unpleasant or unacceptable. To avoid unwanted information from a particular user in current social networks, the user needs to be denied accessibility by blocking them. However, instead of blocking the user, it would be preferable to have a mechanism that prevents the undesirable content in a user's social network page. Thus, this paper presents a model that determine the emotions shared in the content of a social network page by the user. The model determines the dominant emotions for a period of time and uses these to filter the content using the user's dominant emotions. Using the developed model, a novel system based on item based collaborative filtering process to personalize the user's social network page has been developed. A user study involving 5000 Twitter messages shows that the developed system performs satisfactory with a correctness in the filtering process of 87%.
OpisThe research is devoted to the development of the formalized and ontological models of the software quality according to ISO 25010. These models provide the possibility of the formalization of the software quality assessment according to ISO 25010. This standard would benefit from a formal description. The paper proves that information sufficiency is a critical aspect of software quality assessment. The methods and system of evaluating the sufficiency of the information for software quality assessment according to ISO 25010 are developed. The developed methods and tools provide the increasing the veracity of software quality assessment. The conducted experiments confirm that the developed methodology of evaluating the sufficiency of information for software quality assessment increased the veracity of the software quality assessment in 12% for the automated system for large-format photo print.
OpisOntology matching plays an important role in the integration of heterogeneous data sources that are described by ontologies. In order to determine correspondences between ontologies, a set of matchers can be used. After the execution of these matchers and the aggregation of the results obtained by these matchers, a final alignment method is executed in order to select appropriate correspondences between entities of compared ontologies. The final alignment method is an important part of the ontology matching process because it directly determines the output result of this process. In this paper we improve our iterative final alignment method by introducing an automatic adjustment of final alignment threshold as well as a new rule for determining false correspondences with similarity values greater than adjusted threshold. An evaluation of the method is performed on the test ontologies of the OAEI evaluation contest and a comparison with other final alignment methods is given.
OpisThe paper deals with influential factors of an organization’s environment in the initial phase of diffusion of innovations (DOI) within the organization. A qualitative research was carried out with two expert groups: one for the diffusion of e-learning as an innovation in a higher education institution and the other for the diffusion of the Building Information Modelling (BIM) in a Construction Industry. The research disclosed 20 common factors. The internal environment group covers management support, the attitude towards innovation, strategic planning and communication, motivation and expertize of employers, available resources and IT maturity level of an organization. The group of business environment factors consists of competitors, clients and partners, supply and demand balance on the specific market for goods and services. In the social environment group, three factors are recognized on the national level and two on the global levels. The holistic model combines the theory of DOI and the concept of absorption capacity.
OpisKoncept međunarodne solidarnosti razvijao se u drugoj polovici dvadesetog stoljeća kada je u okviru međunarodnih povelja, konvencija i deklaracija o zaštiti ljudskih prava počeo poprimati obrise načela međunarodnog prava te dobivati značaj krovnog ljudskog prava koje objedinjuje prava prve, druge i treće generacije. Kroz rad autorica obrazlaže i daje postulat pravnoj prirodi međunarodne solidarnosti i njezine pravne ostvarivosti. Također govori o međunarodnoj suradnji, podijeljenoj odgovornosti i prevenciji čimbenika kao što su klimatske promjene, glad u svijetu, nedostatak zdravstvene zaštite u neravnomjernoj razvijenosti društva i postizanju jednakosti. Posebno se osvrće na pravo na zdravlje, njegove aspekte te povezanost s međunarodnom solidarnosti u vidu zaštite ranjivih skupina stanovništva. The concept of international solidarity has been developing since the second half of the 20th century within the scope of international charters, conventions and declarations of protection of human rights. It has earned the qualities of the principle of international law and has been given a meaning of the key human right which binds together human rights of the first, second and third generation. With this work the author provides an explanation and gives a postulate to the legal nature of international solidarity and its legal feasibility. Furthermore, the author speaks about international cooperation, shared responsibility and the prevention of factors of climate change, hunger, inadequate health care, polarity in the economic development, and achieving equality. The author dedicates special attention to the right to health, its aspects and connections with international solidarity in protection of vulnerable groups.